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Louisa, Virginia

Louisa Downtown

Louisa is a town in Louisa County, Virginia, United States. It is the county seat of Louisa County.
Louisa is located at 38°1'27"N 78°0'6"W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²), of which, 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²) of it is land and 0.55% is water.
One of the first acts of the County court, when it was formed in 1742, was to authorize the keeping of an Ordinary to accommodate travelers to the court and beyond. The Town of Louisa grew around the court and the Ordinary, and was formally established in 1873. Porter Wright's lively mix of history and anecdote is a Louisa classic; it traces the history of the town through about 200 years.
Louisa is home to the North Anna Nuclear Generating Station which produces electricity and jobs for the county's inhabitants. The warm water produced from the power plant and discharged into the water of Lake Anna creates what some call Central Virginia's best fishing.
Louisa is also home to the Twin Oaks Community, an intentional community of 100 people living on 465 acres (1.88 km2). The community has been in Louisa since 1967.
Located in Central Virginia, the Town of Louisa has all the advantages of a small community, but is within an hour's drive from Richmond and Charlottesville, and barely two hours from Washington, D.C., the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Atlantic Ocean.

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Total Population 1,656
Population Density 906 Persons/Sq. Mile
Female Population 884
Male Population 772
Population Change since 1990 ↑ 55% Increase
Population Change since 2000 ↑ 21% Increase
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Nearest 2-Year Public College Piedmont Virginia Comm Coll
Distance 26 miles
Nearest 4-Year Public College University Of Virginia
Distance 29 miles
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Households & Income

Total Number of Households 665
Family Households 447
Average Family Size 2.88
Average Household Income $54,555
Median Household Income $46,570
Income Change since 1990 ↑ 99% Increase
Income Change since 2000 ↑ 24% Increase
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Crime Rates Compared to National Average

The National Average is designated 1.0 - A value of 2.0 represents twice as much risk while a value of 0.5 represents half as much risk.

Total Crime Risk 0.39
Crime Risk (County) 0.36
Personal Crime Risk (County) 0.32
Murder Crime Risk (County) 0.65
Rape Crime Risk (County) 0.58
Robbery Crime Risk (County) 0.12
Assault Crime Risk (County) 0.23
Property Crime Risk (County) 0.32
Burglary Crime Risk (County) 0.40
Larceny Crime Risk (County) 0.17
Motor Vehicle Theft Risk (County) 0.26
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Average July High Temperature 86.6 °F
Average January Low Temperature 21.3 °F
Annual Precipitation 44.0 inches
Air Pollution Index 89% of National Average
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Sales Tax Rate 5.00%
Nearest Airport Charlottesville-albemarle
Distance 26 miles
Nearest Major Sports Team Potomac Nationals (a)
Distance 56 miles


Baptist Church

The community was named for the county, which was named for Queen Louisa of Denmark. It is in the Eastern Standard time zone. Elevation is 466 feet.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 81.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.1 males.
The racial makeup of the town was 66.81% White, 29.48% African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.79% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.43% of the population.
About 14.7% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.
A small town, Louisa, Virginia, does not have any hotels so visitors to the area must stay at one of the hotels in nearby Gordonsville or Orange. The county of Louisa has many historical tourist attractions, such as Patrick Henry's home from 1765 to 1768 and the site of the Battle of Trevilians during the Civil War.